FAQ Statement

Traditional uses for Australian hides and skins.

Calf - Used to manufacture 0.8/1.1mm high quality leathers of fine grain for wallets, handbags and high class men's and ladies boots and shoe leathers.

Ox/heifer - Hides in the weights 14-18, 18-23 and 23-27 kgs are recommended for splitting grains up to 1.4/1.6mm. Ox/heifer hides are traditionally used for light substance, tight grain leathers for shoe and handbags, with an emphasis on Full Grains and lightly corrected Grain leathers.

Ox - Hides 27 kgs and heavier are recommended for splitting grains up to 2.4/2.8mm, suitable for heavy substance, sofa and automotive, shoe, boot and belt leathers. Yielding Full Grain, Nu-Buck and other specialty leathers.

Grain Fed Ox - Hides 30 kgs and heavier are ideal for high quality shoe, boot and bag leathers along with high end sofa and automotive uses.

Bull - 30 kgs and heavier for embossed leather used in low to mid range upholstery, vegetable tanned sandal and heavy industrial leathers.

Cow - 18 kgs and heavier are recommended for splitting grains up to 1.1/1.4mm, used fro garment and light weight upholstery leather manufacture.

Jersey - Under 23 kgs are exclusively used for fine grain garment and gloving leather manufacture of thin substance 0.9/1.1mm.

Casualty - 14 kgs and heavier are suitable for a wide range of splitting form 1.2 up to 2.00mm. Suitable for low end upholstery or cutting leather manufacture. Suitable for buffing as whole hides or can be used for Full Grain and corrected Grain leathers if processed for cutting applications such as handbag and show leathers.

Faulty - Hides showing excess grain damages for disease, horn marks, parasite damage etc. Used for low end handbag, shoe and sandal leather where the defects can be avoided during the cutting process. Misshapen and poor take-off hides included.

Straight Run - This term is used to describe hides from cattle slaughtered at Meatworks located in areas of Queensland where cattle tick is prevalent. S/Run hides will have a high percentage of tick damage after removing the hair. Ticky hides are traditionally used for medium to heavily embossed leathers, for upholstery, automotive, shoe, boot and industrial and military boot leather manufacture.

Tick Free Area - TFA hides are traditionally used for Full Grains, Corrected Grains and Embossed leathers. TFA hides are from cattle which have been raised and slaughtered in areas of Australia known to be free of cattle tick parasites. Generally the term is used to describe hides derived from cattle slaughtered at meatworks located in Tick Free Areas of Queensland. (Tasmania, Victoria, Central and South Australia, south Western Australia and New south Wales are considered not to be affected by cattle tick parasites).


Confirmed irrevocable Letter of Credit established by a recognised international bank or TT payment in advance of shipment. Our bankers are ANZ Banking Group limited 20 Martin Place Sydney, NSW, Australia.


Commercial invoice, packing list, certificate of origin, insurance certificate for CIF contracts and a health certificate for salted hide shipments (un-necessary for pickled or wet blue shipments).


Hides and skins are packed on ISPM compliant wooden pallets and shipped in 20 foot general purpose marine shipping containers.